scores in the opponents’ goal. creates a goal-scoring opportunity. touches the ball with their hand/arm when: the hand/arm has made their body unnaturally bigger. the hand/arm is above/beyond their shoulder level (unless the player deliberately plays the ball which then touches their hand/arm)
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If your hands are protecting your face and the ball hits your hands, it’s not handball. If your hands were not in front of your face then the ball would stop when it hit your face. So you are not gaining any advantage. Be careful though, if your hands are protecting your face, your arms can be pointing outwards.
Summary: The IFAB Laws of the Game defines handball as “the deliberate act of a player making contact with the ball with the hand or arm”. The goalkeeper is exempt from this rule inside their penalty area, but has the same restrictions as any other player outside their box. A ball off the shoulder is not handball.
If the ball makes contact with a player’s arm or hands while their arm is close to their body or the ball comes directly from a close player, then the referee won’t award a penalty. Although in these circumstances, the ball has touched the player’s hand/arm, they have not committed a handball offense.
In almost all circumstances involving handballs a direct free kick is awarded, the only exception being when a goalkeeper commits a handball in their own box. In this case an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposition. Besides awarding a free kick, a referee may also want to hand out a yellow or red card to the player who committed the offense.
FIFA’s 140-page Laws of the Game addresses the “hand ball rule” on Page 36, where it is listed as the 10th and final offense meriting a direct kick (just after spitting on an opponent).
A handball should result in a yellow card caution if a player handles the ball for the purpose of deliberately preventing an opponent from getting possession of the ball. The resulting restart to play should be a direct free kick from the spot at which the infringement was committed for the non-offending side.
The biggest exception to the hand ball rule, is that a goalkeeper can handle the ball inside his own penalty area. Outside of the penalty area, the regular rules apply. Additionally, he cannot...